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  • Plants, Fungi and Bacteria Work Together to Clean Polluted Land

    Plants, Fungi and Bacteria Work Together to Clean Polluted Land

    via ScienceDaily: Highly complex interactions among roots, fungi and bacteria underlie the ability of some trees to clean polluted land, according to a novel study by bioinformatics and plant-biology experts from McGill University and Université de Montréal. Fast-growing trees, such as willows, are known to tolerate and even rejuvenate soil contaminated with petroleum by-products or heavy metals. The clean-up of soil in this way is known as phytoremediation, and the process is commonly attributed to “secondary […]

  • Artificial and Biological Cells Work Together as Mini Chemical Factories

    Artificial and Biological Cells Work Together as Mini Chemical Factories

    via Science Daily: Researchers have fused living and non-living cells for the first time in a way that allows them to work together, paving the way for new applications. The system, created by a team from Imperial College London, encapsulates biological cells within an artificial cell. Using this, researchers can harness the natural ability of biological cells to process chemicals while protecting them from the environment. This system could lead to applications such as cellular ‘batteries’ […]

  • Scientists Link Genes to Brain Anatomy in Autism

    Scientists Link Genes to Brain Anatomy in Autism

    via ScienceDaily: A team of scientists at the University of Cambridge has discovered that specific genes are linked to individual differences in brain anatomy in autistic children. Previous studies have reported differences in brain structure of autistic individuals. However, until now, scientists have not known which genes are linked to these differences. The Cambridge team analysed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scans from more than 150 autistic children and compared them with MRI scans from similarly […]

  • How Exercise May Help the Memory Grow Stronger

    How Exercise May Help the Memory Grow Stronger

    via The New York Times: Exercise may help the brain to build durable memories, through good times and bad. Stress and adversity weaken the brain’s ability to learn and retain information, earlier research has found. But according to a remarkable new neurological study in mice, regular exercise can counteract those effects by bolstering communication between brain cells. Memory has long been considered a biological enigma, a medley of mental ephemera that has some basis in material […]

  • Surprise Finding Points to DNA’s Role in Shaping Cells

    Surprise Finding Points to DNA’s Role in Shaping Cells

    via ScienceDaily: As a basic unit of life, the cell is one of the most carefully studied components of all living organisms. Yet details on basic processes such as how cells are shaped have remained a mystery. Working at the intersection of biology and physics, scientists at the University of California San Diego have made an unexpected discovery at the root of cell formation. As reported in the journal Cell on Feb. 8, 2018, biologists Javier […]

  • Researchers Map Genetic ‘Switches’ Behind Human Brain Evolution

    Researchers Map Genetic ‘Switches’ Behind Human Brain Evolution

    via Laboratory Equipment : UCLA researchers have developed the first map of gene regulation in human neurogenesis, the process by which neural stem cells turn into brain cells and the cerebral cortex expands in size. The scientists identified factors that govern the growth of our brains and, in some cases, set the stage for several brain disorders that appear later in life. The human brain differs from that of mice and monkeys because of its large […]

  • Eine Gruppe Menschen auf einem  DNA Profil

    Different Genes Active in Cancer Patients of Different Races

    via GEN : African-Americans are three times more likely to develop the blood cancer multiple myeloma than people of European descent. They die at twice the rate of Caucasians, too. But it’s been unclear whether biology was driving those differences or whether socioeconomics or differences in access to care could explain them, John Carpten, Ph.D., director of the Institute of Translational Genomics at the Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California, told GEN. […]

  • Human Mini-Brains Growing Inside Rat Bodies Are Starting to Integrate

    Human Mini-Brains Growing Inside Rat Bodies Are Starting to Integrate

    via Inverse : Stem cell technology has advanced so much that scientists can grow miniature versions of human brains — called organoids, or mini-brains if you want to be cute about it — in the lab, but medical ethicists are concerned about recent developments in this field involving the growth of these tiny brains in other animals. Those concerns are bound to become more serious after the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience starting November […]

  • Can Humans Live FOREVER? Scientists Finally Have The Answer

    Can Humans Live FOREVER? Scientists Finally Have The Answer

    via Express : Scientists have continually looked at ageing as if it were a disease and have tried to cure it. From enhancing certain proteins which protect cells from ageing to extending telomeres – fragments of DNA which cap both ends of each chromosome and protect against the wear and tear of natural ageing – scientists have tried to halt the ageing process. But now, experts say they have conclusive proof there is no way […]

  • To Stay Young, Kill Zombie Cells

    To Stay Young, Kill Zombie Cells

    via Scientific American : Jan van Deursen was baffled by the decrepit-looking transgenic mice he created in 2000. Instead of developing tumours as expected, the mice experienced a stranger malady. By the time they were three months old, their fur had grown thin and their eyes were glazed with cataracts. It took him years to work out why: the mice were ageing rapidly, their bodies clogged with a strange type of cell that did not divide, […]