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via gdtimes : Archaeological findings that contain the most valuable information on human activity were unveiled and ranked at the 2017 Archaeology Forum held by the China Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) in Beijing on Tuesday.

The event was jointly organised by the CASS Institute of Archaeology and its Archaeology magazine, reports Chinese news portal People.

A Palaeolithic site discovered in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region—the Tongtiandong site—was proclaimed the year’s greatest discovery. It is a cave filled with around 2,000 tools and animal bones that are about 45,000 years old.

The Jiaojia Neolithic Site in Ji’nan, Shandong Province was ranked second. At this site, researchers found skeletal remains of an unusually tall group of individuals who lived in China’s Shandong 5,000 years ago. Their height reached more than 1.8 metres.

In third place was the Nanshan cave site in East China’s Fujian Province. Many carbonised rice grains dating from the New Stone Age were found in the cave, challenging the conventional view that cave dwellers were solely hunter-gathers and did not cultivate land for food.

Fourth was the Sujialong site, which was unearthed in Jingshan County in the central province of Hubei. It has been confirmed to be a bronze smelting centre of the Zeng State, dating back more than 2,500 years.

Ancient tombs unearthed in Gujun village of Xingtang County in northern China’s Hebei Province, which are believed to be built between the late Spring and Autumn Period (770 BCE – 476 BCE) and the ruins of the town of Baoma in northeast China’s Jilin Province, where the oldest, temple was established and used by the royal family for worship, complete the list.


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